One of the Largest Cryptocurrency Exchange Hacked, People Lost Bitcoin And Ethereum
According to local media reports and confirmed in an official blog post, an unidentified hacker(s) managed to steal an unknown (or probably undisclosed) amount of cryptocurrency from Bithumb. It is the world’s fourth largest cryptocurrency exchange. Bitcoin and Ethereum are main currencies found on the platform.
The worst affected are people based in South Korea which makes a huge chunk of Bithumb’s userbase. Bithumb has announced reimbursement of 100,000 won ($897) worth of cryptocurrency to all the users affected till July 5. Surprisingly, some users have even reported about losing as high as 10 million won ($8700) worth of cryptocurrency.
According to the reports, the attack happened on June 29 (22:00 local time), and the hacker managed to compromise the personal computer of a Bithumb employee and stole personal details of 31,800 members, around three percent of the user base. It is being said that the stolen data didn’t contain the passwords of any of the users, but how the hacker managed to drain the currency is still a mystery.
The issue came to light when the affected users complained about their loss on social media, starting Thursday last week.
In an official statement made on Monday, Bithumb has said that it would reimburse all the lost money to users when they confirm the approximate damages.
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A mobile wallet, in simple terms, is a virtual mobile-based wallet where one can store cash for making mobile, online or offline payments. There are various types of mobile wallets in India, such as open, semi-open, semi-closed and closed – depending on the type of usage and payments that can be made. Wallets are growing rapidly as they help in Increasing The Speed Of Transaction, Especially For Ecommerce Companies and all Ecommerce Marketplaces have integrated with such mobile wallets too.
Here are some of the top 10 mobile wallet companies in India and what they offer to their customers.
PayTM is one of the largest mobile commerce platforms in India, offering its customers a digital wallet to store money and make quick payments.
Launched in 2010, PayTM works on a semi-closed model and has a mobile market, where a customer can load money and make payments to merchants who have operational tie-ups with the company. Apart from making e-commerce transactions, PayTM wallet can also be used to make bill payments, transfer money and avail services from merchants from travel, entertainment and retail industry.
Capitalizing on the scope and growth of India’s education market segment, they recently partnered with premium educational institutions in India to introduce cashless payments for fees, bills and other expenses.
Momoe is a Bengaluru based mobile payments startup that focuses on changing how customers pay while eating out, travel and shop. Using the Momoe app, one can store their credit card details and make mobile payments at various restaurants, grocery stores, apparel, salons and other retail outlets.
The app’s initial foray was into restaurants which attracted many installs due to the ease of payment options. The users were able to see live tabs, split bills and pay directly, without having to wait for a physical bill to arrive. Even though its services are currently available only in Bangalore, due to the growing popularity of the app and investment funds they will soon be expanding their services to six new cities.
PayUMoney, a Gurgaon-based company that provides online payment solutions launched its wallet service last year. This e-wallet by PayUMoney enables the user to store cash and pay for various services and transactions.
In order to differentiate themselves from other players, they provide a wide range of benefits that include one-touch check out and discounts / cashback offers on every transaction made. This e-wallet also provides instant refunds on order cancellations and buyer protect to ensure the right purchase and customer satisfaction.
MobiKwik is an independent mobile payment network that supposedly connects 25 million users with 50,000 retailers and more. This mobile wallet lets its users add money using debit, credit card, net banking and even doorstep cash collection service, which can in turn be used to recharge, pay utility bills and shop at marketplaces.
Owing to the growing need for convenience, MobiKwik has also recently tied up with large and small time grocery, restaurants and other offline merchants.
Citrus Pay is a popular e-wallet app for cash storage, payments and money transfers. Besides tying up with online service providers from varied sectors, they are now collaborating with Woohoo, a gifting and shopping portal to let its customers shop at more than 5000 offline stores listed with them.
This mobile wallet application was launched by State Bank of India to let users transfer money to other users and bank accounts, pay bills, recharge, book for movies, hotels, shopping as well as travel.
This semi-closed prepaid wallet offers its services in 13 languages and is available for non-SBI customers as well. This app also allows its customers to set reminders for dues, money transfers and view the mini-statement for the transactions carried out.
Citi Bank India and MasterCard recently launched ‘Citi MasterPass’, India’s first global digital wallet for faster and secure online shopping.
By using this, Citi Bank Debit And Credit Card Customers become the first in this country to be able to shop at more than 250,000 e-commerce merchants. It ensures faster checkout with a single click or touch and stores all your credit, debit, prepaid, loyalty cards and shipping details in one place.
Pockets by ICICI is a digital bank that offers a mobile wallet for its customers. It provides the convenience of using any bank account in India to fund your mobile wallet and pay for transactions.
With Pockets, one can transfer money, recharge, book tickets, send gifts and split expenses with friends. This wallet uses a virtual VISA card that enables its users to transact on any website or mobile application in India and provides exclusive deals or packages from associated brands.
Chillr is an instant money transfer app created by HDFC to simplify money transfer and payment process for its customers.
Using this mobile payment app, one can transfer money to anyone in their phone book, thereby cutting out on the hassles of adding a beneficiary. It is currently available only for HDFC Bank customers and can be used to send money, recharge, split bills, request funds or transfer and will soon be able to pay at online & offline stores.
Axis Bank, the third-largest private sector bank launched ‘LIME’, an application that offers a mobile wallet, payments, shopping and banking facilities.
This mobile wallet is available for both account & non-account holders and lets a user add money using his or her credit, debit and net banking details. One can also share the wallet with their loved ones or pool in funds into a shared wallet for a particular purpose (Example: Gifts, vacations, etc.)
Number of installs: 10,000+
Data on digital payments in India
And here are some interesting findings on digital payment adoption from the recent ACI Survey:
While these numbers indicate the growing need for secure, faster and efficient payment methods for online marketplace, efforts to make payments to individual or brick & mortar stores is also increasing. Start-ups and huge corporates are constantly on the lookout for customer-friendly technology, thereby giving more power to the customer.
Thus, the day you will walk around without a physical wallet and pay your local dhobi and kirana store uncle using a mobile wallet is not so far.
These days, it’s hardly surprising to hear that a hot new startup has received gobs of money from eager investors. But a new company called the DAO (short for “decentralized autonomous organization”) is not your average startup.
The DAO, designed to serve as a kind of venture capital fund for the cryptocurrency community, is the first of a new breed of business. It has no CEO and no staff; indeed, it has no human management at all. The company itself is simply software that runs on a blockchain, the technology that powers digital currencies like bitcoin. Through its first three weeks, the DAO raised over $130 million from tens of thousands of global investors, and it’s not done yet. But regardless of how the company fares, its mere existence portends profound changes for business, government, and the roles that people play in our economy.
Analysts have questioned whether the DAO is legal or viable. Like any startup, it may fail. It may have attracted investors who don’t understand the risks. Some investors may be speculators in it for a quick buck, in turn, reducing the size of the fund. It may be attracting criminals or terrorists masquerading as entrepreneurs. To be sure, these are important concerns.
But the DAO’s debut is a watershed moment in the history of financial services. It demonstrates that autonomous entities can raise huge sums of money without traditional intermediaries. How will venture capitalists and investment banks respond to these blockchain IPOs that crowd-source hundreds of millions of dollars from a global invest
Even more significantly, the distributed autonomous enterprise raises the intriguing possibility that software could ameliorate, or even eliminate, some of the most vexing problems of management and mass collaboration.
Consider the impact of software that automates important aspects of governance and decision-making in a firm. Companies like this have no executive team, board of directors, or assets other than code. This could eliminate the possibility of managerial wrongdoing and incompetence. Such an organization will do what it’s coded to do, which is to act in the interests of those who hold its tokens. In the case of the DAO, the tokens are valued in Ether, the cryptocurrency of the Ethereum blockchain on which the DAO runs.
Meanwhile, stakeholders can review and vote on proposals for how the DAO will allocate its funds. Think about that for a moment. With such a company, there is no information asymmetry between management and stakeholders, because there are no managers. Nor is there room for moral hazard, where managers may behave contrary to the interests of their customers or clients, taking outsized risks for personal gain because they know they won’t suffer the consequences. There would be no way for the heads of an electronics conglomerate to overstate their earnings by $2 billion over seven years, as Toshiba’s did. Sports league officials couldn’t take bribes in exchange for hosting or broadcasting rights to big sporting events, as FIFA’s did. For regulators, there’s a lot to love here.
However, a DAO could act like a regular corporation in many other ways. It could invest in new businesses, support social causes, or back political candidates. It could hire lobbyists and a legal team to represent its interests and advocate on its behalf. Using smart contracts—agreements written in code that self-enforce—a DAO could do pretty much what any organization could do, with one important exception. On the blockchain, there is no way to override agreements, mission statements, corporate values, or operating principles without broad stakeholder discussion and consent.
A DAO also offers perfect financial transparency. This is a tantalizing prospect for engaged and frustrated investors alike. The company’s finances are visible on the blockchain to anyone, not just its accounting department. (Of course, there is no accounting department.) Its corporate charter is enshrined in code for all to see.
That’s only the beginning. The software could also be used as a platform for integrity, a trust protocol of sorts, within traditional corporations. Stakeholders could participate in organizational governance directly and regularly, rather than by proxy or once a year at shareholder meetings.
Such an entity could also hire any human being or group via a smart contract on the blockchain, not through an HR department or procurement. Contractors would know the rules and norms for acceptable behavior and achievement in the collaboration, because they would be encoded in work orders and performance metrics. When they completed the job as specified, they could get paid immediately, not weeks or months later.
Stakeholders could receive dividends immediately, too, since real-time transparent accounting on the blockchain would make year-end reports unnecessary. The organization would hum along according to the trust protocols that governed it.
Imagine a global IPO with 100 million shareholders, each contributing a few pennies and voting their shares. That’s governance on a massive scale. At last, investors at the bottom of the pyramid could participate and own shares of a wealth-creating venture anywhere in the world. Anyone could design a corporation without executives—just stakeholders, money, and software.
We are not predicting a future in which there is no need for people in business. Human stewardship will be critical for these new kinds of business to succeed. In fact, in the last few days, surprised (perhaps alarmed) by the staggering success of the crowd-sale, the founders and early investors in the DAO have called for a moratorium on investment proposals for funding by the DAO. Among other things, they worry that bad actors could exploit the DAO to fund undeserving or fraudulent projects, or manipulate the value of tokens at the expense of the DAO as a whole.
So while the DAO code may run itself flawlessly, it is unable (for now) to fix itself in real time. Human problem-solvers can. Time will tell if they will succeed.
We think it is no accident that the DAO’s stated values include democracy and non-exclusion. Time will tell whether it can reach those loftier goals. But if it can, we may finally be able to democratize opportunities for prosperity and wealth. For anyone who cares about the integrity of the organizations that fuel the economy, the DAO is worth a close look as an alternative model of governance, collaboration, and performance.