Last Stage of Bitcoin Bubble Yet to Occur, Says Economic Professor
The professor explained that every bubble has the same attributes
According to Panos Mourdoukoutas, Professor and Chair of the Department of Economics at LIU Post in New York who is also contributing to several professional journals and magazines, such as Forbes and The New York Times, when the bitcoin bubble will burst, there will be a final stage, which he calls “mania”. The professor explained that every bubble has the same attributes, which is often confused with healthy bull markets. The pattern starts with investor hype over a popular topic. This theme can be an exotic product or an emerging industry, which promises a major change to the world while making the investors rich during the process, Mourdoukoutas wrote. Comparing the 12-month performance of Bitcoin Investment Trust Shares (GBTC) and SPDR Gold Shares (GLD), we will see a major difference. While GLD increased its value by 3.93 percent in one year, bitcoin surged by 390 percent in the same period of time.
According to the professor, accommodative central banks often finance the bubbles to grow bigger. In addition, market experts can also help prices double or triple by posting their predictions on social media creating buzz for the bubble. This phase of the bubble is called mania. Mourdoukoutas explained that, at this point, the theme reaches a cascade where no investor wants to be left behind. The burst of the bubble can be expected when the early investors have already cashed out, and there are no new investors joining the club, the professor said.
Mourdoukoutas stated that the current run up of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies has mostly the same as a bubble. He described BTC as an exotic asset, which has great and unique advantages. One of the most important is the attribute of bitcoin, which makes it a better hedge against global uncertainties than conventional hedges, such as gold. In addition, the cryptocurrency is a convenient form of payment, which can be used globally, however, has a limited supply of 21 million, the professor explained. According to the economics professor, there is investor hype surrounding bitcoin. Many investors had become familiar with the cryptocurrency, who can use investment trusts, such as GBTC, to participate in the market holding a good position. In addition, there is an “ultra-low interest rate environment” associated with bitcoin, the professor states.
However, Mourdoukoutas explained that only one thing is missing from bitcoin’s transformation from bubble to mania: “a broad participation beyond the ‘pioneers’ and the ‘early adopters,’ to ‘early majority'”. That’s the point where the demand for bitcoin “reaches a cascade” and the mania starts. At this phase, according to the professor, the key majority of the investors rush to invest in the cryptocurrency for the “promise it holds, rather than the fundamentals it displays.” If investment promises are not met with the end of bubbles and manias, money will be lost faster than it was made, according to Mourdoukoutas.
The 2x9BitMax global peer-to-peer donation network
is a way for you to help others like yourself, and in exchange they will help you. We are a community of people looking for financial backing in the projects that will fulfill us and bring more joy to the world. If you want to experience the success of turning your dreams into reality, then pay attention. We have a system that works for everyone. It's a 2x9BitMax.
Become an active member of our community
Start by signing up and getting your acccount set up. You'll need a bitcoin wallet in order to participate. You can get a free wallet at https://blockchain.info. Once you have your wallet input it into the form on the "Bitcoin Wallet" page. Next, you need to upgrade your account by providing a small donation to the person who referred you, or someone else they referred. Follow these simple steps:
Click the upgrade button
Get the wallet address and the amount for the donation.
Go to your wallet website and send the amount of bitcoin to the wallet address from step 2.
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The donation sharing network
When you join, you will get a sponsor. It may be the person who referred you, or it will be someone in their downline – someone else they referred or someone one of their referrals referred. So, you'll make your first donation to your sponsor. That allows you to get referrals and receive donations.
The first 2 people who you sponsor will donate the 1st Grade amount to you.
The 2 people they each sponsor (4 total) will each donate the 2nd Grade amount to you.
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Getting the hang of it? This goes on for 8 levels growing each time in total by a factor of 2.
Now, the people you sponsor on your 1st level will donate the 2nd Grade amount to your sponsor.
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And on up the line it goes to 9 levels.
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You will be able to have a maximum of 2 active referrals on your 1st level. Those are called your front line, or direct referrals. You may refer many more people who sign up with your referral link. If you have no active referrals on your front line, then no members you refer will spillover because no one in your downline is eligible yet. So, you may see that you have many more than 2 referrals on your front line if none are active.
Once the members in your front line make their first donations then they can have referrals placed under them. And once you have 2 active members on your front line the next ones who make a donation will spillover before doing so. They will be assigned to someone in your downline as their sponsor. The reset of your referrals will spillover when they register for an account.
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Markets Analyst Pits
Bitcoin and Ethereum With
Peak Amazon’s 6000% Growth
Since Internet stocks, including Amazon.com Inc.
in the dot-com era, bitcoin and cryptocurrencies could be the most lucrative trading opportunities. Everyone knows that trading cryptocurrencies, including bitcoin, comes at a high risk for many reasons, such as volatility. However, it is a real opportunity for both traders and investors right now.However, investors should be careful when investing in bitcoin in the longer term. Since the birth of the cryptocurrency, bitcoin owners experienced great price drops, with some of them reaching 75 percent of previous peak values. Recently in June, bitcoin, along with the other cryptocurrencies, experienced a huge price fall of nearly 40 percent before bottoming out.
Looking behind all cryptocurrencies, both investors and traders should see the bigger picture since virtual currencies are the start of something grand. The reason for this is the blockchain technology behind all of the digital currencies. Since the super useful attribute of blockchain, which enables value transfer without middlemen, many companies, and financial institutes are planning to implement the new tech. According to Gordon Scott, contributor at Investopedia, who is also the Managing Director of the CMT program for the Market Technicians Association, the recent price surge of bitcoin’s price “is an indication that many more people are starting to believe these promises could actually be fulfilled.”
If bitcoin seems to be too fast for many, investors should look back to the dot-com crash in 2000, where many of the Internet stocks crashed, many were lowered in value but managed to recover, while some of the stocks rocketed to orbit and stayed there, such as Amazon and eBay.According to Scott, there is a worthwhile comparison between the prices of Amazon and bitcoin. Amazon, between the period of 1997 and 1999 increased its value by 6,000 percent. On the other hand, bitcoin’s price rose by 4,000 percent from 2009 to 2010 and further increased by 2800 percent from 2016 to 2017. Ethereum also experienced big price surges: the value of the cryptocurrency increased by 2,800 percent from 2016 to 2017.
At first, most of the people knew that Amazon had a great idea, however, no one could quantify the share value of the company accurately. Investors had to guess the value of the firm, which resulted in overestimating the possibilities for a time. The peak price from 1999 looks really cheap by comparison today. Surprisingly, bitcoin’s performance in the cryptocurrency’s first two years only achieved approximately two-thirds of Amazon’s price increase. The past two years in both bitcoin’s and Ethereum’s life came with the most dramatic price surges, however, it was not enough to reach Amazon’s meteoric rise.
South Korean Firm Pays $1 Million in Bitcoin Ransom to Regain Data
A South Korean web hosting company is paying over USD $1 million
in bitcoin to extortionists to put an end to a ransomware crisis affecting nearly 3,500 customers. In what is seen as the biggest publicly-known payout to date, South Korean web hosting firm Nayana is paying out a total of 397.6 BTC (approx. $1.05 million at press time) to the attacker in order to recover the data of websites belonging to over 3,400 customers, most of whom are small business customers.
The ransomware, titled Erebus, infected a total of 153 Linux servers along with customers’ websites. According to Trend Micro, the ransomware strain is capable of infecting up to 433 file types including office documents, databases, archives and multimedia files. Closer analysis by researchers revealed the ransomware to be specifically coded toward targeting and encrypting web servers and their data. In a notice posted on June 12, Nayana revealed details of the original ransom note which demanded an unprecedented 550 bitcoins ($1.6 million at the time). “My boss tell me, your buy many machine, give you good price, 550 BTC. If you do not have enough money, you need make a loan,” wrote the extortionist in his original communication.
The demand and the ensuing threat read:
“You company have 40+ employees, every employees’s annual salary $30,000 all employees 30,000*40 = $1,200,000 all server 550BTC = $1,620,000 If you can’t pay that, you should go bankrupt. But you need to face your childs, wife, customers and employees. Also your will lost your reputation, business. You will get many more lawsuits.” On June 14, Nayana posted an update, revealing CEO Hwang Chil-hong’s negotiations with the hackers. The executive revealed he was facing financial ruin and negotiated the ransom sum down to 397.6 BTC, to be paid in three installments. So far, two payments have been paid already.
Trend Micro researchers point to Nayana’s use of outdated systems – a 2008 Linux kernel, Apache and PHP versions from 2006 as factors behind the ransomware exploit. “It’s worth noting that this ransomware is limited in terms of coverage, and is, in fact, heavily concentrated in South Korea,” researchers wrote. Nayana’s most recent update from June 20 (Tuesday) reveals that a currently-running decryption program will take about 2-5 days to recover customer files, while some servers are expected to take over 10 days. The third payment is expected to be made today, Wednesday, upon receiving an additional decryption key.
The Fundamentals for a Successful Inbound-Marketing Strategy
An entrepreneur’s responsibilities reach far and wide.
You wear a number of hats on a day-to-day basis, none more important than marketing. To succeed, you must learn the strategies and practices that work best in 2014. A deep understanding of inbound marketing best practices is vital to the growth and success of your business. No matter how busy you are, you simply can't ignore the importance of marketing your brand effectively. Take a look at the eight most important things every entrepreneur needs to know about inbound marketing.
The traditional marketing playbook is broken.
Almost everyone – 91 percent, to be precise – has unsubscribed from email lists. Two-out-of-three people (68 percent) who record TV content do so to skip advertisements (Motorola, December 2012) and, according to DoubleClick, the average click-through rate on display ads is only 0.2 percent. According to Brian Halligan, the CEO of Hubspot and author of the book Inbound Marketing: Attract, Engage, and Delight Customers Online, the way modern consumers shop and make purchases has changed dramatically, and as such, businesses must adapt in order to survive.
In an interview, Halligan said, “The Internet has fundamentally changed how we live our lives, and as consumers, we now have more options than ever to tune out marketing that is annoying. Most entrepreneurs I know understand that based on their own experience, but when it comes to marketing their business, they default to the traditional marketing playbook because it's easy or because it's what everyone has always done for years. That's a huge mistake."
According to Halligan, you can no longer rent your way to consumer attention, you need to earn it. Instead of dreaming up new ways to interrupt your way into your prospects’ lives, invest in ways to engage them meaningfully with an inbound experience. “Dharmesh (Shah) and I wrote the inbound marketing book to give entrepreneurs actionable advice to attract, engage and delight their prospects, customers and leads,” Halligan explained. "Inbound marketing focuses on the width of your brain, not the width of your wallet, and entrepreneurs have more remarkable ideas than anyone I know."
Your content must be remarkable enough to break through the clutter.
Think about how many channels you have on your television, and how many websites and social media channels compete for your attention each day. The same is true for your customers. It’s not enough to just produce content. Your content must educate, inspire or entertain your audience. Don’t talk about your brand non-stop or try to sell people too early or often in your content. Instead, try to spark interesting dialogue and discussion with your content. Doing so will pay off with attention and engagement.
Think of your website as a hub, not a megaphone.
Far too many businesses think about their websites as broadcast channels for addressing a large group of people. Your website functions best when its content and design are built with a human touch. Instead of writing copy to impress your competitors, create copy and experiences an individual customer will love. Don’t scream through a megaphone at your customers. Design the entire end-to-end experience with individual humans in mind. Conversation trumps a broadcast message every time. Design your web experience accordingly.
Inbound includes content and code.
Many entrepreneurs mistake massive volumes of content for an inbound strategy, forgetting that shipping code is indispensable as well. Specifically, free tools are powerful in converting web traffic into highly engaged leads. For example, InsightSquared created Sales Funnel, a free tool that allows Salesforce users to quickly and efficiently diagnose their sales funnel. Leads that try Sales Funnel convert at a rate almost twenty times higher than leads that don’t. Free tools can transform your entire customer experience. Invest developer resources into your marketing efforts for the biggest impact possible.
Master the call to action.
Think about how hard you work to get traffic to your site. Now think of what happens if a visitor comes to your site and doesn’t know where to go or what to do next once they visit. You’ve just wasted all of your hard efforts! Your call to action is a sign post showing your visitors where they should go next. If someone came to your blog first, you want to make it easy and seamless for them to subscribe to read similar articles. If a visitor comes from a co-marketing initiative with a partner, ensure the copy on the site is built specifically to appeal to someone who knows both your brands. Tailor the next step accordingly. It’s not enough to optimize your site for search. You have to optimize your site for action.
The average attention span is just eight seconds, so even if you want to write a 10,000-word essay on your new product launch, chances are slim that your audience will get through it. Creating remarkable visual content is a great way to cut through content clutter and stand out from the pack. If you don’t have an army of designers at your disposal, use Canva or Visage to create simple and beautiful visuals, hire a young freelancer to pitch in or just put your iPhone to good use taking pictures of your space, your customers, your team and your product. When it comes to content, a photo (or video) really is worth 1,000 words.
Inbound delivers higher ROI for your business.
In a 2013 survey, American inbound marketers spending more than $25,000 per year saved an average of 13 percent in overall cost per lead ($36 versus $41 with outbound). It’s far more expensive to continue pouring money into paid channels that don’t deliver returns than it is to invest in blogging and social media. Inbound marketing is good for your bottom line and your brand.
If you’re hiring an in-house marketer or an agency to help with your marketing efforts, you need a skill set that matches your strategy. Invest in people who are digitally savvy, highly analytical, have significant reach on the web and have experience creating remarkable content. Today’s marketing world requires companies to continually optimize. The team behind you must be well equipped, comfortable with the technology and have the tenacity to update your strategy and approach on a daily basis to meet your growth goals. Successful inbound marketing is a science that requires a specific expertise and plenty of experience. Even if marketing isn’t your cup of tea, it’s important that you know and understand the basics. If you keep these tips in mind, you can rest assured that your business is practicing the latest and greatest inbound marketing techniques, and maximizing its growth potential.
A new cryptocurrency is coming to east London.
Launched by Israel-based blockchain startup Colu, the 'Local Pound, East London' currency is now available for area consumers and small businesses who want to boost the local economy. The digital currency is tied one-to-one to the national currency, the British pound, and can be bought with cards and bank accounts. According to Colu co-founder and vice president, Mark Smargon, Colu's currencies are an attempt to combat the threat of retail chains in cities and neighborhoods, while the accompanying app is meant to help businesses manage their transactions and help locals discover merchants in their area. In this context, the startup's local digital currencies are trying to remove technical barriers for local businesses when it comes to paperless transactions.
Smargon told CoinDesk:
"The local businesses are not really interacting with blockchain knowingly. The idea of selling blockchain to consumers and small businesses is not something we are doing."
The company has launched services in Liverpool and Tel Aviv, where it also has its operations. The Liverpool currency, which went live in late 2016, has around 16,000 users and merchants on the network.
Going forward, Colu plans to build out more features as the communities around the local currencies grow. "We started on a very small scale, on a neighborhood scale, and right now we're working on a city scale," said Smargon. "We merged all of our communities in Tel Aviv into one big Tel Aviv coin." One possible feature in the pipeline is allowing Colu local currencies to be interchangeable with more widely known cryptocurrencies, such as bitcoin and ether. Though, Smargon said this could be some way off. "Right now, we're not focusing on opening new economies but building the retention," he said, adding that its various currencies have about 50,000 users and carried out $1m worth of transactions. The company is now in the process of applying for an e-money license in the UK to bolster its digital currency development.
Vitalik Buterin Confirms Ethereum’s Proof of Stake 75 Percent Complete
At the Taipei Ethereum Meetup,
Vitalik Buterin, one of the co-founders and lead developers of Ethereum, revealed that the development of a proof of stake protocol for the Ethereum network is 75 percent complete. Prior to the announcement of Buterin, in a recent interview, Ethereum Foundation member and Ethereum co-founder Hudson Jameson released the foundation’s official roadmap for Ethereum development in 2017. The roadmap included the foundation’s plans of releasing the next version of Ethereum called Metropolis in three to six months and following that update with a switch of consensus protocol from proof of work to proof of stake.
Vitalik Buterin reaffirmed the Ethereum development roadmap laid out by Jameson and emphasized that Ethereum will most likely switch to a proof of stake protocol by the end of 2017. At the Taipei Ethereum Meetup, a community of over 500 members that focuses on the discussion of Ethereum and blockchain innovation,
“We are working on a daemon that actually interacts with a Casper [smart] contract and sends transactions to it. That is the first part. The second stage is that we will write clients that are aware of Casper contracts.”
In regard to the development of Casper, Buterin stated that it is over three quarters completed.
What is Casper & Proof of Stake
Since 2015, Ethereum developers actively have dug into the development of Casper and a proof of stake (PoS) protocol. PoS and proof of work (PoW) are consensus protocols that allow stakeholders or miners to come to an agreement on various issues and verify transactions on the blockchain. For instance, if the Bitcoin network is to agree upon a hard fork, miners have to signal their hash power to approve the fork. Also, in a proof of work protocol, miners have to allocate their hash power to verify and confirm transactions.
PoS is different in the way that it considers stakeholders as the majority and it does not utilize the hash power of miners to verify or confirm transactions. In a PoS protocol, miners do not exist. The largest stakeholders in the network are forced to play by the rules and verify transactions. Ultimately, the economic issue of switching to Casper or a PoS protocol comes down to the incentives for stakeholders. How stakeholders are incentivized or benefited for verifying and confirming Ethereum transactions.
The Ethereum Foundation and Buterin’s perception of a PoS system is that everyone within the protocol is technically a miner and therefore unless they choose to lose their stake of Ether by playing against the rules, every user will verify and confirm transactions in a fair manner. Essentially, the foundation and its developers believe this is the ultimate decentralized governance system that increases participation of stakeholders of the network.
In an interview on January 18, Buterin stated that once completed, Casper will be tested across all seven clients of Ethereum in a testnet. If the testnet experiment of Casper is successful, developers intend to move it to production and release its final code by this year. Currently, various blockchains including NXT, BitShares, and Peercoin operate on the PoS protocol. Some utilize a hybrid system between PoW and PoS to optimize their networks’ efficiency.
However, despite the success of the aforementioned blockchain networks, leading blockchain company and mining firm BitFury noted in its whitepaper that a PoS protocol is vulnerable to a wide range of attacks such as long-range attack, bribe attack, Coin Age accumulation attack and precomputing attack that could result as long-term issues for the network.
“Currently, there are several digital currencies implementing some form of proof of stake consensus including Peercoin, Nxt, Novacoin, BlackCoin, and BitShares. However, pure proof of stake approaches pose substantial security threats that cannot be recreated in proof of work systems (including Bitcoin). These problems are inherent to proof of stake algorithms, as proof of stake consensus is not anchored in the physical world (cf. with hashing equipment in proof of work),” BitFury’s white paper.
Supplanting Bitcoin as the
June 2017 may be remembered as the month that the true ‘flippening’ occurred,
from bitcoin to litecoin, precipitated by a Prague-based group promoting and educating the public on crypto-anarchist philosophy. The stakes are high for bitcoin, with a face-off between Bitmain, threatening a User-Activated Hard Fork, and those seeking to eliminate miner influence over SegWit adoption, the User-Activated Soft Fork crowd. The standoff threatens to split the network in two, with the UASF-styled ‘independence day’ slated for August 1. The inertia regarding progress in the scaling debate is also causing a cost for users in terms of higher fees for a bitcoin transaction.
The chart below shows that since June 2016, the median transaction fee for bitcoin and litecoin have decoupled, with a $2 differential. Consequently, we are seeing a higher average transaction value over the same period for litecoin, with spikes visible from April/May 2017 onward. As a fork of bitcoin and pursuing an independent path, litecoin could supplant the world’s most valuable cryptocurrency as it gains traction in terms of adoption, trading interest and development activity.
Litecoin Exceeds Bitcoin on Volume Terms
The altcoin recently saw a large influx of volume, pushing above 50 percent of the cryptocurrency’s market capitalization and above trading volumes for bitcoin on June 17. At the time of writing, the past 24 hour volume for litecoin and bitcoin are similar, roughly $1.2 billion. The lion’s share of volume is coming from two Chinese exchanges, Huobi and OKCoin, accounting for over 40 percent of the volume over the past 24 hours.
Also, looking at the charts below we see the highest ever volumes on a weekly basis for several exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase. Trading volumes precede price action, suggesting litecoin will continue to experience appreciation. Higher volumes also tell us that more investors are becoming interested in litecoin, more so than any other cryptocurrency.
For the week beginning June 12, the market has managed to break the previous all-time high at $36, opening up the Fibonacci extension level at $56.47. We also see that the bullish break was also signaled by the weekly close for the week beginning June 5, where the market broke the resistance provided by the lagging line (purple, highlighted above), which BTCManager stated would be a key buy signal in our cryptocurrency report on June 6 .
The uptick in trading volume, along with the price rise, has seen litecoin knock Ethereum Classic from the number four spot on the market capitalization ranks. According to CoinMarketCap.com, litecoin’s market cap is now $2.38 billion versus Ethereum Classic’s $2.04 billion. The influx is expected to continue in June, as Bitstamp, the first fully-licensed bitcoin exchange in the EU and one of the biggest in the world, will introduce LTC/BTC, LTC/EUR and LTC/USD trading pairs on June 19.
Looking at the long-term technicals, that is the monthly price action, we see that LTC-BTC has a strong chance of continuing its upward trend. A bottom was formed in March, as indicated by the lagging line (purple), which formed a trough and the market closed above the conversion line for April 2017. The market now lies immediately below the base line, providing resistance at 0.0177. A close above this level for June’s candlestick will point to further appreciation and a test of resistance at 0.0322. Also, notice that the Awesome Oscillator has moved into positive territory for the first time since August 2014, indicating that long-term bullish momentum is just beginning to take hold.
Litecoin Welcomed by Bitcoin Pioneers
On top of investor and exchange adoption, litecoin is also seeing interest from a cypherpunk grassroots movement and a major hardware wallet provider, Trezor. Paralelní Polis, which hosts the Institute of Cryptoanarchy and the Hackers Congress every year, as well as Bitcoin Coffee, is probably the most significant actor in this true ‘flippening’; maybe we should forget ether and come to terms with litecoin becoming the cryptocurrency that may stand dominant above bitcoin?
In a blog post explaining the switch over from bitcoin to litecoin, the coffee house started with one clear rule; no fiat currencies. They started with the goal in mind to show people that cryptocurrencies are easy and that they are the future. But, they argue, bitcoin transactions are now too similar to traditional banks in terms of fees. The rising fees have forced their hand into deriving their own solution for
“We even had to develop our own application for members and regular customers, which would buy credits for bitcoins and then spend those credits to avoid bitcoin fees.”
Resonating with many other voices in the community, they also explain that the risk that UASF bears is perhaps too high, as a chain split would be unavoidable if the support for UASF is low; they state, “it is unacceptable for any business running on bitcoin.” Because litecoin is so similar to bitcoin in terms of its codebase, it is easy for businesses to switch. Also, Paralelní Polis argued that with the SegWit activated on litecoin, this makes the cryptocurrency the most technologically advanced at present, with developers able to deliver new scaling services such as Lightning Network, echoing the sentiment from Bitstamp.
The post concludes that bitcoin will still be accepted as a payment method, but will not be their recommended method. Instead, they will educate and promote the use of litecoin as a cryptocurrency that better fulfils the role of a payment, rather than as a store of value: “We encourage everyone to start accepting Litecoin, as it is now one of the main ways to regain financial and economic freedom.”
The Hackers Congress 2017 will focus on financial liberation, held in October, and it will be interesting the see how much litecoin will have developed by then. Given that it is being praised by such a forward-thinking and pioneering group, we could be witnessing a radical new shift in the cryptocurrency world. As reported by BTCManager in September 2016, litecoin is actively pursuing anonymity features with Confidential Transactions and this could be one of the developments that we could expect in 2017. June 2017 also sees the announcement of the first hardware wallet to support SegWit, following closely from Trezor’s integration of litecoin. With a cold storage option, this should serve to continue to increase demand for the crypto-asset.
A Boost for Development Activity
Litecoin’s drive forward is also being galvanized by greater development activity. On June 9, Charlie Lee announced he would be leaving Coinbase, a large successful company, to work on the altcoin full-time. Shortly afterward, the Litecoin Foundation received a donation for approximately $14,000.
Blockchain Startup Everledger
Partners with Singapore Diamond Exchange and Kynetix
Everledger, the London-based startup that uses the blockchain
to securely store data and provide provenance for high-value physical assets such as diamonds and artwork, has entered into a partnership with the Singapore Diamond Investment Exchange (SDiX) and physical commodity markets expert Kynetix. The Singapore Diamond Investment Exchange (SDiX) is the world’s first commodity exchange in physically settled diamonds. The exchange is also the first fully electronic self-regulated marketplace for traders and accredited investors powered by real-time transaction data. The exchange revealed the new partnership through a press release on June 15.
Kynetix is a leading physical commodity digitization expert that has developed a platform called Sentinel that allows commodity exchanges and trading companies to meet the challenges associated with compliance, automation, risk and revenue generation. Sentinel’s sophisticated post-trade software powers quick processing time for large-scale physical deliveries. The three companies have successfully concluded the first part of its proof-of-concept for a blockchain-based authentication and record-keeping service for trading diamonds on a global commodity exchange.
Everledger’s blockchain technology will be used to verify the ownership and authenticity of the diamonds, which will be queried through Kynetix’s Sentinel market infrastructure platform. This will enable owners of diamonds with certificates of ownership from third party verification laboratories to ascertain the history and confirm ownership of their asset.
The head of Business Development at Kynetix, Guillaume Kendall said: “In line with our mission to build total trust in physical commodities, we believe this innovative integration of our Sentinel platform with blockchain is yet another step towards reducing the risks associated with trading and financing commodities globally.“ Once a trade happens on SDiX, the changes in the ownership of the diamond will be automatically recorded on the blockchain, which ensures proof of ownership is securely recorded due to the blockchain’s immutable nature. This record is then made easily available to all relevant market participants.
Everledger founder and CEO Leanne Kemp said: “It was a pure technical delight to integrate with Kynetix, a powerful combination of technology and purpose entwined. We are pleased to provide the market-leading blockchain infrastructure that is key to SDiX’s verification, and data archiving services and look forward to working industriously with the market on creating purposeful tooling to enable safe and fast trading in physical diamonds.”
The service was able to verify the details of a consigned diamond basket on SDiX consisting of Gemological Institute of America (GIA) certified stones using the data points that are used by Everledger in its provenance process. The solution was able to output a “view receipt” of the digital certificate for each stone in the basket, housed on the blockchain, proving its efficiency.
The CEO of the Singapore Diamond Investment Exchange Linus Koh, said: “This exciting collaboration builds on SDiX’s record of delivering advanced technologies to enable a trusted, fair and transparent marketplace for trading diamonds as an investable asset class. This new concept draws on blockchain’s distributed ledger capability to demonstrate how we can further instill confidence and convenience for the benefit of diamond investors and financiers.” This new system is expected to be applicable as a solution to a wide range of diamond market challenges such as enhancing provenance data, increasing the security and efficiency of the supply chain, as well as helping to develop new risk management tools.